Tuesday, 27 July 2021 00:00

Blood is now available on every air ambulance mission

Written by  Katherine Lawson-Phillips
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Photo credit EAAA Photo credit EAAA

East Anglian Air Ambulance (EAAA) is now permanently able to deliver blood transfusions as a core part of its life-saving service.

Following an urgent fundraising appeal made by EAAA in May, the air ambulance charity, which covers Norfolk, Suffolk, Cambridgeshire and Bedfordshire, is now able to carry packed red blood cells and freeze-dried plasma on every mission.

Blood transfusions ensure that the most gravely injured patients suffering a major bleed have the best chance of getting to hospital through increasing oxygen delivery and clot production.

EAAA’s Blood on Board project has involved raising in excess of £90,000 and essential partnership working between two of the region’s hospitals, the Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital (NNUH) and Addenbrooke’s, and two volunteer-driven blood biker charities, Norfolk Blood Bikes and SERV Suffolk and Cambridgeshire. 

Together, these organisations ensure EAAA has a daily supply of the red blood cells needed to help save lives, to each of its operational bases (at Norwich airport and Cambridge airport), every day of the year. The hospitals are key in sourcing, checking and providing the red blood cells and the blood bike volunteers are essential in getting the blood cells from the respective hospitals to EAAA every evening, and returning any unused blood cells back to the hospital. Delivering this treatment will require additional funding year-on-year to cover the annual costs incurred.


Norfolk Blood Bikers Ryan Slatford and Chairman Sean Moore with Richard Hindson, Head of Operations at EAAA, delighted to be working together to deliver this vital treatment to the patients who need it most. Credit EAAA.

Richard Hindson, Head of Operations at EAAA said: “This entire project has been successful thanks to the generosity of the public and the fantastic partnership working between Addenbrooke’s, NNUH, SERV Suffolk and Cambridgeshire and Norfolk Blood bikes. 

“I’m hugely grateful and really proud to know that going forward we will have two vital blood products available on every mission for the patients where these treatments might be the difference between life and death. It is a privilege to work alongside other charities and hospitals whose main aim is to save lives and achieve the very best outcomes for our patients.”

Carol Harvey, EPA Network Blood Transfusion Manager, said: “I am really pleased that we are doing this and we are delighted that the team can play such a vital role in helping to save patient lives. There has been a lot of work and paper work that has gone into getting this off the ground, but it is all worthwhile to help save lives. I want to thank the teams at EAAA and NBB for their dedication to ensuring this project is able to take place.”

Sean Moore, Chairman of Norfolk Blood Bikes, said: “Norfolk Blood Bikes are proud to be resupplying the EAAA crew based at Norwich. The team at NBB have been very keen to restart the blood on board after the trial finished in December, and hope that our nightly resupply will assist in saving those patients who need it. Our moto is we’ll go no matter what, yes that even means that we will still resupply the EAAA in all weathers.”

The key steps required to get this life-saving treatment to the patient:

  1. O- red blood cells are prepared by the local pathology lab to each EAAA operating base, involving a lot of important checks and paperwork to ensure quality and traceability.
  2. Once ready to go, the red blood cells are placed into temperature-controlled and insulated ‘blood boxes’ and picked up every night from the hospital by a blood bike volunteer.
  3. The blood bike volunteer then delivers the packages straight into a secure fridge at the EAAA base, to keep the blood at the right temperature.
  4. The blood boxes are then carefully loaded onto the helicopter and rapid response vehicles by the EAAA clinical crews the next morning, ready to be used on an emergency call-out.
  5. The blood boxes can exist out of the fridge on the helicopter or RRV for 24 hours before they need to be replaced or returned to the lab on the next blood biker delivery.
  6. Any blood that is not used within a 24-hour period then follows the same journey in reverse back to the lab, where it is checked and processed so that it can be used by a patient in the hospital instead.

Richard Hindson continued: “To get to where we are now is the result of years of hard work and none of it would be possible without the public who have supported this project and the lab teams and blood bikers who work so hard to get us the red blood cells that we need, every day of the year.

“We developed some experience in setting up the red blood cell supply chain to our bases and delivering these treatments over the past few years, as part of a clinical trial which ended in December. Over the last seven months we have been busy putting everything in place, including raising the vital funds required, to make these treatments a permanent part of our service. I couldn’t be happier that this month we’ve achieved a really big goal for our patients and the level of care we aim to provide pre-hospital.” 

The red blood cells are now available on every East Anglian Air Ambulance helicopter or rapid response vehicle mission alongside freeze-dried plasma, to help treat people suffering life-threatening bleeds.


The lab team from NNUH supporting this vital project: left to right: Beth Robertson, Lee Toney, Ben Pinchbeck, Carol Harvey, Agnieszka Lason and Eni Kalemi. Credit NNUH.

Last modified on Tuesday, 27 July 2021 19:56

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